Islamic Creed | Correct Aqidah

Creed of Islam. Pillars of Iman. Tauhid. Eman. Tawhid. Touheed. Thowheed

Do you KNOW what you BELIEVE? Are your beliefs the same as those of Prophet’s?

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Questions

  1. Are the Angels and Jinns the same creatures? Do ghosts (souls of dead) exist?
  2. Qadr: If Allah knows if you would go to Heaven or Hell, why should you do good?
  3. If Allah is really Merciful, then why did tsunami & wars happen?
  4. Why shouldn’t you, while in distress, call “Ya Muhyiddeen” (or, “Ya Ghawth“) even though you believe Allah is the Helper and Muhyideen Abdul Qadir Jilani is only an intermediary?
  5. Do you know if Jesus (Prophet ‘Eesa) would come back?
  6. If a person is married but have no kids for 10 years, do you think Allah is being harsh on him?
  7. Is social democracy the best form of Government for our times?
  8. Are the punishments in the grave real, or just spiritual or illusory?
  9. Was Islam founded or established by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)? No. Or, is Islam the religion of all Prophets (AH)? Yes
  10. You are committing minor sins (We all do), and your friends / relatives demand that you do a major sin. You refuse. They say, “Well, you are not a holy man. Come on, just do it once”. How would you respond? Why is it NOT OK to commit major sins?
  11. Will all those who are born to Muslim parents go to Heaven (at least after some punishment in Hell)? No
  12. What are the conditions / requirements to get into Heaven (Jannah)? Will doing more good deeds (more charity, sunnah prayers, etc.) in this world make any difference in the Hereafter?
  13. Are there differences in punishments for those who enter Hell (Jahannam or Naar)? Are there levels in Hellfire?
  14. Were the original Torah (Taurat) and Bible (Injeel) revealed by Allah? Or, were they created by humans?
  15. Prophet (pbuh) said, “The space taken up in the Hereafter by something as little as the whip of one of you is better than the whole of this earth and what is on it.” (Sahih Bukhari). He (pbuh) is basically saying an inch of the paradise is better than the whole world & its riches. Do you think there is some exaggeration in this? No

 

This blog will, insha Allah, try to provide some introductory materials on the matters of our faith (Iman or Eemaan). Most Aalims (Ulema or Scholars) don’t talk or write about these matters (Pillars of FAITH) as they talk about pillars of Islam or other issues.

 

What would happen to a tree without roots?

What would happen to a building with a weak foundation?

A strong Islam, a strong community need a strong Iman / Faith.  And, logically one can’t claim to believe in something if he has no knowledge about it. We all know the six items to believe in. But, how do we believe in each of those six? What is our belief about Messengers? How much do we know about Hereafter, and so on.

 

Meaning of Aqeedah

The term Aqeedah comes from Aqd (Ayn, Qaf, Daal), meaning knot, affirmed, deliberate. Its plural is Aqaaidh. From the shariah perspective, Aqeedah means “Certainty of belief and being contented”

Aqeedah is the matter of knowledge. The Muslim must believe in his/her heart and have faith and conviction, with no doubts or misgivings

 

What do we Believe?

The Messenger has believed in what was revealed to him from his Lord, and [so have] the believers. All of them have believed in Allah and His angels and His books and His messengers, [saying], “We make no distinction between any of His messengers.” And they say, “We hear and we obey. [We seek] Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the [final] destination.” (Qur’an 2:285)

In the famous Hadeeth of Jibreel, we see “… He (the Messenger of Allah) answered, “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.” (Sahih Muslim)

In the matters of faith, as in all aspects of Islam, we should go to the correct sources of knowledge – Qur’an and authentic Hadeeths. It is critical that we believe exactly like the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) did.

 

Order of Chapters in Sahih Bukhari

The great Imam Muhammad ibn Ismail al-Bukhari (may Allah have mercy on him) began his book with “The Beginning of Revelation” and then he followed it with chapters on faith, followed by the chapters on knowledge. As if he means to point out that the first obligation upon a human being is faith or Iman and the way to attaining faith is knowledge. And the source of faith and knowledge is revelation. So he began by showing how the revelation occurred and what it was like. Then he followed by mentioning faith and knowledge. This arrangement is no accident; by it he makes some important points

 

Where do we begin the journey of knowledge

Start from the definitions, benefits, categories, etc of Tawheed at https://islaamiccreed.wordpress.com/2010/01/

 

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Written by S Ibrahim

Jun 15, 2014 at 8:31 pm

What do Muslims believe about Jesus / Prophet Eesa (AS)?

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1. We believe he had a miraculous birth

She said, “My Lord, how will I have a child when no man has touched me?” [The angel] said, “Such is Allah ; He creates what He wills. When He decrees a matter, He only says to it, ‘Be,’ and it is (Qur’an 3:47)

2. We believe he is one of the infants who spoke

So she pointed to him. They said, “How can we speak to one who is in the cradle a child?”. [Jesus] said, “Indeed, I am the servant of Allah . He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet. (Qur’an 19:29 – 30)

3. We believe he healed the born blind and lepers with the permission of Allah

[The Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother when I supported you with the Pure Spirit and you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and [remember] when I taught you writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you designed from clay [what was] like the form of a bird with My permission, then you breathed into it, and it became a bird with My permission; and you healed the blind and the leper with My permission; and when you brought forth the dead with My permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from [killing] you when you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, “This is not but obvious magic.” (Qur’an 5:110)

4. We believe he is one of the five noble messengers

And [mention, O Muhammad (Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam)], when We took from the prophets their covenant and from you and from Noah and Abraham and Moses and Jesus, the son of Mary; and We took from them a solemn covenant (Qur’an 33:7)

5. We believe he will return

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, soon the son of Maryam will descend among you [according to another report: the Hour will not begin until the son of Maryam descends among you] as a just judge. He will break the cross, kill the pigs and abolish the jizyah, and money will become abundant until no one will accept it” {Sahih Bukhari (2222) and Sahih Muslim (155)}

6. We believe he will die, and the Muslims will offer the funeral prayer for him

 Ahmad (9349) narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “I am the closest of people to ‘Eesa ibn Maryam because there was no Prophet between him and me…” Then he mentioned his descent at the end of time. Then he said: “And he will remain for as long as Allah wills he should remain, then he will die and the Muslims will offer the funeral prayer for him and bury him.” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah (2182)

Sources of Hadeeths (#5 & #6): Islam Q&A Website

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Written by S Ibrahim

Jul 4, 2015 at 12:37 am

Posted in Pillars of Faith

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2014 in review

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The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2014 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

The concert hall at the Sydney Opera House holds 2,700 people. This blog was viewed about 8,800 times in 2014. If it were a concert at Sydney Opera House, it would take about 3 sold-out performances for that many people to see it.

Click here to see the complete report.

Written by S Ibrahim

Dec 30, 2014 at 7:46 am

Posted in Uncategorized

Is Iman/Eemaan ALL about theories, concepts or articles of Faith? NO!

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Linguistically, Iman الإيمان is testimony while Islam is surrender. But, the technical definition combines the two to include testimony of the heart, attestation by the tongue and affirmation with deeds.

 

ImanAllah says

…but Allah has endeared to you the faith and has made it pleasing in your hearts and has made hateful to you disbelief, defiance and disobedience. Those are the [rightly] guided (Qur’an 49:7)

Imam Bukhari (RA) records the below hadeeth in “Kitab al-Iman” chapter of Sahih Bukhari. Note that Bukhari equates Islam with Iman (i.e. he goes with the technical or Shari’ah definition)

Narrated Abu Musa (RA): Some people asked Allah’s Apostle (pbuh), “Whose Islam is the best? i.e. (Who is a very good Muslim)?” He replied, “One who avoids harming the Muslims with his tongue and hands

The below hadeeth is explicit. It clearly states Iman includes ACTIONS.

Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that the Prophet (pbuh) said: “Iman has more than 70 branches. The most excellent among these branches is the saying of “Laa ilaaha ill Allah” (there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah), and the smallest branch is to remove an obstacle from the wayside. And Haya (modesty, shyness, bashfulness, honour, humility, etc.) is an important branch of Iman.” (Sahih Muslim)

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Written by S Ibrahim

Jul 18, 2014 at 12:13 am

Belief in the Day of Judgment / Day of Resurrection

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The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, Until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). (Qur’an 102:1-2)

What?

Muslims believe that the present life is only a trial preparation for the next realm of existence.  This life is a test for each individual for the life after death.  A day will come when the whole universe will be destroyed and the dead will be resurrected for judgment by God.  This day will be the beginning of a life that will never end.  This day is the Day of Judgment.  On that day, all people will be rewarded by God according to their beliefs and deeds. (Source: http://www.islam-guide.com/ch3-5.htm)

And those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, they are dwellers of Paradise, they will dwell therein forever. (Qur’an 2:82)

Belief in the Day of Judgment is part of our Imaan or faith.

Why?

To establish accountability & absolute justice. Humans naturally seek justice in all aspects of their lives. For our work, we expect pay or salary. When an individual is harmed, he seeks compensation. Even though humans strive hard to establish justice, the reality is that this world will never be perfectly just. Many criminals go unpunished while the oppressed are denied basic rights. Do their lives simply dissolve without any accountability or fair dealing? Should the powerful persecutors of innocents (e.g.: Pharaoh, Abu Jahl, Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini, etc.)  go unpunished forever?

Or do those who commit evils think We will make them like those who have believed and done righteous deeds – [make them] equal in their life and their death? Evil is that which they judge. (Qu’ran 45:21)

 

That Day, the people will depart separated [into categories] to be shown [the result of] their deeds. So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it,And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it. (Qur’an 99:6-8)

How?

Record of our deeds:

And [for] every person We have imposed his fate upon his neck, and We will produce for him on the Day of Resurrection a record which he will encounter spread open. [It will be said], “Read your record. Sufficient is yourself against you this Day as accountant.” (Qur’an 17:13-14)

Witness:

That Day, We will seal over their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, and their feet will testify about what they used to earn (Qur’an 36:65)

When?

Only God knows when it will happen.

Indeed, Allah [alone] has knowledge of the Hour and sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs. And no soul perceives what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul perceives in what land it will die. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted. (Qur’an 31:34)

 

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Written by S Ibrahim

Jun 7, 2014 at 3:22 pm

2013 in review

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2013 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

The concert hall at the Sydney Opera House holds 2,700 people. This blog was viewed about 8,400 times in 2013. If it were a concert at Sydney Opera House, it would take about 3 sold-out performances for that many people to see it.

Click here to see the complete report.

Written by S Ibrahim

Dec 31, 2013 at 9:45 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

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Belief in Angels (A Pillar of Imaan)

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Faith in Angels

Allah says in the Qur’an (2:285)

The Messenger has believed in what was revealed to him from his Lord, and [so have] the believers. All of them have believed in Allah and His angels and His books and His messengers, [saying], “We make no distinction between any of His messengers.” And they say, “We hear and we obey. [We seek] Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the [final] destination.”

‘Umar Ibn Khattab (RA) related that Angel Gabriel asked the Prophet (pbuh): “What is Faith (eemaan)?” and he replied, “To believe in Allah, His angels, His Books, His messengers, the Last Day, and the good and evil of Destiny” (Sahih Muslim)

Their creation

‘Aisha (RA) reported that the Prophet (pbuh) said: “The angels were created from light, the jinn were created from a smokeless flame of fire, and Adam was created from what has been described to you” (Sahih Muslim)

Being created from light does not mean they are light.  Point to ponder: We, humans, aren’t mud or liquid.

Do the angels have any physical attributes? Yes!

Allah mentions their wings in Qur’an 35:1

[All] praise is [due] to Allah , Creator of the heavens and the earth, [who] made the angels messengers having wings, two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent

He also mentions the angels’ hands in Qur’an 6:93

…And if you could but see when the wrongdoers are in the overwhelming pangs of death while the angels extend their hands, [saying], “Discharge your souls! Today you will be awarded the punishment of [extreme] humiliation for what you used to say against Allah other than the truth and [that] you were, toward His verses, being arrogant.”

‘Aisha (RA) was asked about the verse (which means): “Then he [Jibreel] approached and descended.” [Quran 53:8]. She said, “That is Jibreel. He used to come to him (the Prophet ) in human form, but on this occasion he came in his real form, and he filled the horizons of the sky.” [Sahih Muslim]

What do they do?

They do many things. Here are a few:

Allah mentions the worship of angels in Qur’an 21:19 – 20

To Him belongs whoever is in the heavens and the earth. And those near Him are not prevented by arrogance from His worship, nor do they tire.
They exalt [Him] night and day [and] do not slacken.

God mentions, in Qur’an 82:10 – 11, that angels record what we do

But verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch you
Noble and recording (your deeds)

Allah mentions, in Qur’an 69:17, that eight angels will carry His Arsh (throne) on the day of Judgement

And the angels will be on its sides, and eight angels will, that Day, bear the Throne of your Lord above them

Abu Hurayra (RA) quoted the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) as saying, “When the deceased is buried, two blue-black angels come to him,one of them is called Munkar and the other Nakeer” (Sunan Tirmidhi)

In Abu Sa’eed al-Khudree’s hadeeth on the Day of Judgment, the Prophet (pbuh) said, “Then Allaah, Exalted and Great, will say: ‘The angels have interceded, the messengers have interceded and the believers have interceded, and no one remains [to intercede] except the Most Merciful of the merciful.’ He will then take a handful from the Fire and bring out from it people who never did any good and who had been turned into charcoal, and cast them into a river called the river of life, on the outskirts of Paradise … ” [Sahih Muslim]

Allah mentions angels of Hell in Qur’an 66:6

O you who have believed, protect yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones, over which are [appointed] angels, harsh and severe; they do not disobey Allah in what He commands them but do what they are commanded

The above verse also makes it clear that  angels don’t commit any sin (clue: do not disobey Allah), and they don’t have freewill

Note: Israeel is not the name of the angel of death. There is no proof for that.

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Written by S Ibrahim

Aug 21, 2013 at 12:59 am

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