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Archive for January 2010

13. Important Manifestations of Worship – Du’aa

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Dua: Calling out to Allah

Prophet (PBUH) said “Dua is the essence of worship (‘Ibadah)”  (Abu Dawood 1472). When you make dua you express your inability/ weakness, and that Allah is the powerful.

That’s why when anyone makes dua to anything else, or anybody other than Allah, it is a Shirk

(Quran Chapter 72. Al Jin ayat 20)

Say: “I invoke Only My Lord (Allaah Alone), and I associate none as partners along with him.”

(Quran Chapter 23. Al Mu’minuun ayat 117)

And whoever invokes (or worships), besides Allaah, any other Ilaah (God), of whom he has no proof, then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely! The disbelievers will not be successful

Allah uses the term Kafiroon (disbelievers)

(Quran Chapter 7. Al A’raaf ayat 194)

Verily, those whom you call upon besides Allaah are slaves like you. So call upon them and let them answer you if you are truthful

Why would people seek help from others besides Allaah? They think Allaah won’t answer their calls. If you make dua to anyone/anything other than Allah, it means you believe that object/person has more love for you than Allah’s love for you. Because we give things only to the people we love. Remember, Allah is ar-Rahman and ar-Raheem.

You also believe that that object/saint has characteristics of Allah, like all-hearer, helper, all-powerful. If not, how can a person – dead or alive – be able to hear the calls from so many people, in so many languages, and from so many places.

(Quran Chapter 10. Yunus ayat 107) → none can benefit nor harm you

And if Allaah touches you with hurt, there is none who can remove it but He; and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His favour which He causes it to reach whomsoever of his slaves He will…

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Written by S Ibrahim

Jan 22, 2010 at 10:27 pm

12. Important Manifestations of Worship – Patience

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Sabr: Patience is another byproduct of Eeman

(Quran Chapter 3. Ali ‘Imran ayat 200)

O You who believe! Endure and be more patient (than your enemy), and Guard your territory by stationing army units permanently at the places from where the enemy can attack you, and fear Allaah, so that you may be successful.

(Quran Chapter 13. Ar Ra’d ayat 22-24)

22. And those who remain patient, seeking their Lord’s Countenance, perform As-Salaat (Iqaamat-as-Salaat), and spend out of that which we have bestowed on them, secretly and openly, and defend evil with good, for such there is a good end;

23. ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens), which they shall enter and (also) those who acted righteously from among their fathers, and their wives, and their offspring. and angels shall enter unto them from Every gate (saying):

24. “Salaamun ‘Alaikum (peace be upon you) for that you persevered in patience! Excellent indeed is the final home!”

Three levels / types of patience:

1. Patience when something evil happens (Death in family, financial problems)

(Quran Chapter 31. Luqman ayat 17)

O My son! Aqim­is­Salaat … and bear with patience whatever befall you…

2. Restrain yourself from committing sin. Angels congratulate those in Jannah “Salaamun Alaikum bimaa sabarthum”

3. Patience in constantly worshipping Allah. It may not be  easy to get up every day for Fajr, and continue other prayers including Isha

(Quran Chapter 19. Maryam ayat 65)

Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, so Worship Him (Alone) and be constant and patient in His worship

(Quran Chapter 20. Thaahaa ayat 132)

And enjoin As-Salaat (the prayer) on your family, and be patient in offering them…

Rewards of Sabr:

(Quran Chapter 3. Ali ‘Imran ayat 146)

… And Allaah loves As-Saabirin (the patient ones, etc.).

(Quran Chapter 8. Al Anfaal ayat 46)

… And be patient. Surely, Allaah is with those who are As-Saabirin (the patient ones, etc.).

(Quran Chapter 39. Az Zumar ayat 10)

…Only those who are patient shall receive their rewards in full, without reckoning.”

Q: Why is Sabr part of one’s Tawheed and Eeman?

A: Because showing anger at the decree of Allah is showing anger at Allah. All three types of situations (listed above) are decreed / commanded by Allah. Sabr doesn’t mean being happy with everything. It’s not humanly possible to be happy when a person’s mother or child dies

Example for Sabr: Prophet’s son Ibrahim died when he was 1.5 years old. Prophet was carrying him in his arms, and started to cry. The sahaba around him asked “Do you cry?” He replied “This is a sign of mercy… Indeed the eyes cry when the heart is very sad…but we only say that Allah is pleased with” (Bukhari, Vol 3, Hadeeth# 1303)

[From Yasir Qadhi’s Lecture Series]

Written by S Ibrahim

Jan 18, 2010 at 1:00 pm

11. Important Manifestations of Worship – Tawakkul

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Tawakkul: It’s a state of heart. Cut off all the hopes of expecting good except from Allah. You realize all good comes ONLY from Allah, and any evil averted from you is by Him

(Quran Chapter 5. Al Maa-idah ayat 23)

“… and put your trust In Allaah if you are believers indeed.”

(Quran Chapter 1. Al Faatihah ayat 5)

You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).

(Quran Chapter 10. Yunus ayat 84)

And Mûsa (Moses) said: “O My people! If you have believed In Allaah, Then put your trust In Him if you are Muslims (those who submit to Allah’s Will).”

Tawakkul is proportional to your Eeman. Weaker Eeman leads to lower tawakkul. When you go to a doctor, your mind should be saying “O Allah! You alone will cure this disease. You have given medical knowledge to this doctor”. Allah is sufficient for those who have tawakkul in Him.

It doesn’t mean we should not strive / work hard or plan

(Quran Chapter 4. An Nisaa’ ayat 71)

O You who believe! Take your precautions, and either Go forth (on an expedition) in parties, or Go forth All together.

(Quran Chapter 8. Al Anfaal ayat 60)

and make ready against them all you can of power, including steeds of war (tanks, planes, missiles, artillery, etc.) to threaten the enemy of Allaah and Your enemy, and others besides whom, You may not know but whom Allaah does know…

(Quran Chapter 2. Al Baqarah ayat 197)

… And take a provision (with you) for the journey, but the best provision is At-Taqwa. So fear Me, O men of understanding!

A man came to prophet and asked “should I tie my camel and have tawakkul in Allah, or should I just leave it”. Prophet replied “Tie up your camel and have Tawakkul in Allah” (Sunan Tirmidhi Vol 4)

…the birds leave their nests with empty stomach in the morning, and come back with full…( Sunan Tirmidhi Vol 4)

Written by S Ibrahim

Jan 16, 2010 at 12:46 pm

10. The conditions of La’ilaha illa-Allah

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Verbally conveying La’ilaha illa-Allah isn’t enough. Hasan al-Basri (D: 110 H), a student of Aboo Hurairah [May Allaah be pleased with both] was asked “Didn’t prophet say whoever says La’ilaha illa-Allah will enter paradise?” Hasan al-Basri replied “whoever says La’ilaha illa-Allah and fulfils the rights and conditions of La’ilaha illa-Allah, he will enter paradise”

What is required for La’ilaha illa-Allah to be accepted?

A: Seven conditions

1. Knowledge of La’ilaha illa-Allah – to know what it means. Parroting doesn’t help. Proof :

(Quran Chapter Az-Zukhruf verse 86)

…Except for those who bear witness to the truth knowingly…

(Quran Surah 47. Muhammad ayat 19)

So know (O Muhammad) that Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh (none has the Right to be worshipped but Allâh)…

Whoever dies while he knows La’ilaha illa-Allah, he will enter paradise (Muslim)

2. Certainty / yaqeen: If there’s an iota of doubt, the testimony isn’t acceptable

(Quran Surah 49. Al Hujuraat ayat 15)

Only those are the believers who have believed In Allâh and his Messenger, and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the cause of Allâh. Those! They are the truthful.

3. He must accept this kalima. Shaytan satisfied conditions #1 and #2, but not #3

(Quran Surah 37. Ash Shaaffat ayat 35)

Truly, when it was said to them: Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh “(none has the Right to be worshipped but Allâh),” they puffed themselves up with pride (i.e. denied it).

4. Submit your heart and soul to this kalmia. It’s not something you just know. Your heart, body and soul should act upon it. Your desires should conform to this

(Quran Surah 39. Az Zumar ayat 54)

And turn in repentance and in obedience with true faith (Islâmic Monotheism) to your Lord and submit to Him, (in Islâm), before the torment comes upon you, then you will not be helped.

5. You must be truthful and honest to this kalmia. No deceit, as practiced by hypocrites

(Quran Surah 2. Al Baqarah verses 8 & 9)

And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: “We believe In Allâh and the Last Day” while in fact they believe not.

They (think to) deceive Allâh and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive (it) not!

O Mu’ad! There is not a single person who testifies “La’ilaha illa-Allah Muhammadur Rasoolullah” sincerely from his heart, except that Allah has made hellfire prohibited for him (Saheeh Bukhari)

6. Ikhlaas – you do it for the sake of Allah only

(Quran Surah 98. Al Bayyinah ayat 5)

Yet they were commanded nothing but to worship Allah, with their sincere devotion to Him, being True in their faith; to establish Salah (prayers); and to pay Zakah (poor due); and that is the infallible true Religion (F. Malik Translation)

7. To have passion for it and for its adherents and to take friends and enemies only according to its very criteria.

You do it having a love for this kalmia, and you hate the shirk. You won’t be friends with those who oppose Tawheed. Note that this is not a call to severe/cut the friendships with everybody – this is about those who hate Islam and want to hurt Muslims

(Quran Surah 58. Al Mujaadilah ayat 22)

You (O Muhammad) will not find any people who believe In Allâh and the Last day, making friendship with those who oppose Allâh and his Messenger, even though they were their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred (people)…

Also see At-Taubah verse 23

[Contents from a Yasir Qadhi lecture]

Written by S Ibrahim

Jan 15, 2010 at 12:23 am

09. Meaning of worship / ‘Ibadah / servitude

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What is ‘Ibaadah / worship / servitude?

Linguistic: A state that combines love, submission and fear

Shariah perspective: Any belief, statement or action that Allah is pleased with.

In Islam, worship isn’t limited to a few rituals. Many Muslims restrict Ibadah to a few acts. It includes, among other things, feeding your spouse, a smile at your brother, and having sex with your spouse.

For an act of worship to be accepted by Allah, there are two conditions, and three motivational factors present


1. Sincerity: The act must be done for the sake of Allah, and Allah alone

(Quran Surah 1. Al Faatihah ayat 5)

You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).

(Quran Surah 98. Al Bayyinah ayat 5)

Yet they were commanded nothing but to worship Allah, with their sincere devotion to Him, being True in their faith

2. Conformance to Sunnah: Every act must be based upon the Sunnah of the Prophet. You can’t make up deeds. They will be rejected

(Quran Surah 33. Al Ahzab ayat 21)

Indeed in the Messenger of Allâh you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allâh and the Last Day and remembers Allâh much.

The Prophet (r) said “Follow my sunnah and the sunnah of the rightly guided caliphs after me. Bite on firmly to it with your molars. And beware of innovated matters, for every innovation is bid‘ah and every bid‘ah is misguidance.” [Musnad Ahmad, vol. 4, Sunan at-Tirmithee, Sunan Abu
Dawud, vol.3, Ibn Majah, vol 1]

(Quran Surah 4. An Nisaa’ ayat 65)

But no, by Your Lord, they can have no faith, until they make you (O Muhammad ) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission

Motivational factors

1. Love: Love of Allah (you must have a divine love), and love for Allah (Loving all those whom Allah loves)

(Quran Surah 2. Al Baqarah ayat 165)

and of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allâh as rivals (to Allâh). they love them as they love Allâh. But those who believe, love Allâh more (than anything else)…

2. Fear: The divine fear that Allah will punish us for our sins. Don’t have any supernatural fears

(Quran Surah 3. Ali ‘Imran ayat 175)

It is only Shaitân (Satan) that suggests to you the fear of his Auliyâ’ [supporters and friends (polytheists, disbelievers)], so fear them not, but fear Me, if You are (true) believers.

Ibn Hibban Vol 1: Ayesha narrates that Prophet said “Whoever tries to please Allah by displeasing the people, then Allah will be pleased with him, and people will be pleased with him. But, whoever tries to please people by displeasing Allah, then Allah will be angry with him, and the people will be angry with him” i.e. Allah will create hatred for him in other people

3. Hope: you expect the best from Allah (that He will forgive you, give you paradise). This is the opposite of despair

(Quran Surah 15. Al Hijr ayat 56)

[Ibrâhim (Abraham)] said: “And who despairs of the Mercy of his Lord except those who are astray?”

(Quran Surah 12. Yusuf ayat 87)

“O My sons! Go you and enquire about Yûsuf (Joseph) and his brother, and never give up hope of Allâh’s Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allâh’s Mercy, except the people who disbelieve.”

Giving up hope of Allah’s mercy is the 3rd major sin (At Tabarani, Vol 9). Who are you to think that your sins are greater than Allah’s mercy? Doesn’t He have enough mercy on you?

(Quran Surah 1. Al Faatihah ayat 2-5)

2. All the praises and thanks be to Allâh, the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinns and All that exists)→we praise Him since we LOVE HIM

3. the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. →Mercy/Hope

4. The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) → Fear of His punishment

5. You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything) →Worship

[Contents from a Yasir Qadhi lecture]

Written by S Ibrahim

Jan 14, 2010 at 12:01 am

08. Tawheed al-Uluhiyah / Ibaadah (Worship)

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This is the most important type of all three. It is the essence of all Prophets’ message, and also the fruit [If Allah is the creator, and is unique in His attributes of creating & sustaining, then seeking help from others is foolishness] of first 2 categories. Direct all forms of worship ONLY to Allah, and He alone can grant benefit for worship, and answer to calls. Also, there is no intermediary between man and God

(Quran Surah 51. Adz Dzariyaat ayat 56)

And I (Allâh) created not the jinns and humans except they should Worship Me (Alone).

(Quran Surah 16. An Nahl ayat 36)

And Verily, we have sent among Every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allâh (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Tâghût (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not Worship Tâghût besides Allâh).”…

Examples of Worship in Islam:

1. Dua, calling in prayer, is worship (Abu Dawood. Hadeeth #1474)

2. Zakath, animal sacrifices, fasting etc

3. Emotions like love, trust and fear, all of which have degrees which should only be directed to God. (Two proofs below)

(Quran Surah 2. Al Baqarah ayat 165)

Yet there are men who take (for worship) others besides Allah, As equal (with Allah). They love them as they should love Allah. But those of Faith are overflowing in their love for Allah

And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allâh as rivals (to Allâh). They love them as they love Allâh. But those who believe, love Allâh more (than anything else)….

(QS5. Al Maa-idah ayat 23)

…and put Your trust In Allâh if You are believers indeed

Tawheed al-Hakimiya [governance] is part of Tawheed al-Uluhiyah. Proof below:

(QS5. Al Maa-idah ayat 44)

Verily, we did send down the Taurât (Torah) [to Mûsa (Moses)], therein was guidance and light, by which the Prophets, who submitted themselves to Allâh’s will, judged the Jews. and the rabbis and the priests [too judged the Jews by the Taurât (Torah) after those Prophets] for to them was entrusted the protection of Allâh’s Book, and they were witnesses thereto…

Written by S Ibrahim

Jan 13, 2010 at 12:30 am

07. Tawheed Asma was-sifaat (Names & Attributes)

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Bismillahi r-Rahmani r-Rahim

Image via Wikipedia

Maintaining the Unity of Allaah’s Names and Attributes

This category of tawheed has five main aspects:

#1: Allaah must be referred to according to how He and His Prophet (PBUH) have described Him, without explaining away His names and attributes by giving them meanings other than their obvious meaning. For example, in the Qur’aan Allaah says that He gets angry with the disbelievers and the hypocrites

(Quran. Al Fath 48:6)

and that He may Punish the Munâfiqûn (hypocrites), men and women, and also the Mushrikûn men and women, who think evil thoughts about Allâh, for them is a disgraceful torment, and the Anger of Allâh is upon them…

Thus, anger is one of God’s attributes. It is incorrect to say that His “anger” must really mean His “punishment”, since anger is a sign of weakness in man that does not befit Allaah. What Allaah has stated should be accepted, with the qualification that His anger is not like human anger. Allaah’s attributes are different from those of men.

(Quran. ash-Shooraa 42:11)

“There is nothing like him”

#2: Don’t give Him any new names or attributes. For example, Allaah may not be given the name al-Ghaadib (the angry one), in spite of the fact that He has said that He gets angry, because neither Allaah nor His messenger has used this name. Who can describe God better than Himself?

Nobody likes to be called by a name other than his. And, we don’t like demeaning attributes. Human imagination can run wild, and may give new names to God, or wrong attributes to Him. Examples: an-Naasir and ar-Rasheed. The meanings are good, but we have no right to call God by these names

#3: Don’t give Allaah the attributes of His creation. We get tired, and can’t manage too many tasks. Dont think that God too gets tired [Bible. Genesis 2:2], or He needs assisstants to take care of tasks.

(Quran. ash-Shooraa 42:11)

“There is nothing at all like Him, and He is theAll-Hearer, the All-Seer”

The attributes of hearing and seeing are among human attributes, but when they are attributed to Allaah they are without comparison in their
perfection. He doesn’t need eyes and ears to see and hear.

#4: Don’t give the attributes of creations to Allaah. Creator IS NOT EQUAL TO Creation

Most Shi‘ite sects (with the exception of the Zaidites of Yemen) have given their “ imams” divine attributes of absolute infallibility, knowledge of the past, the future and the unseen, the ability to change destiny and control over the atoms of creation. In so doing they set up rivals who share God’s unique attributes and who, in fact, become gods besides Allaah. Some quotes which elevate the ranks of “Imams” to God are given below:

“We believe that, like the prophet, an Imam must be infallible, that is to say incapable of making errors or doing wrong, either inwardly or outwardly, from his birth to his death, either intentionally or unintentionally, because the Imams are the preservers of Islam and it is under their protection.” [Faith of Shi‘a Islam, 2nd ed. 1983, p.32]

“Certainly the Imam has a dignified station, a lofty rank, a creational caliphate, and sovereignty and mastery over all atoms of creation.” (Aayatullaah Musavi al-Khomeini, al-Hukoomah al-Islaameeyah, Beirut: at-Talee‘ah Press, Arabic ed., 1979, p.52)

#5: Allaah’s names in the definite form cannot be given to His creation unless preceded by the prefix ‘Abd meaning “slave of” or “servant of.”

Indefinite forms like Ra’oof and Raheem are allowable names [See Quran 9:128]. But ar-Ra’oof (the One Most Full of Pity) and ar-Raheem (the Most Merciful) can only be used to refer to men if they are preceded by ‘Abd as in ‘Abdur-Ra’oof or ‘Abdur-Raheem, since in the definite form they represent a level of perfection which only belongs to God

Names like ‘Abdur-Rasool (slave of the messenger), ‘Abdun-Nabee (slave of the Prophet), ‘Abdul-Husayn (slave of Husayn), etc., where people name themselves slaves to other than Allaah are also forbidden

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