Islamic Creed | Correct Aqidah

Creed of Islam. Pillars of Iman. Tauhid. Eman. Tawhid. Touheed. Thowheed

09. Meaning of worship / ‘Ibadah / servitude

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What is ‘Ibaadah / worship / servitude?

Linguistic: A state that combines love, submission and fear

Shariah perspective: Any belief, statement or action that Allah is pleased with.

In Islam, worship isn’t limited to a few rituals. Many Muslims restrict Ibadah to a few acts. It includes, among other things, feeding your spouse, a smile at your brother, and having sex with your spouse.

For an act of worship to be accepted by Allah, there are two conditions, and three motivational factors present

Conditions

1. Sincerity: The act must be done for the sake of Allah, and Allah alone

(Quran Surah 1. Al Faatihah ayat 5)

You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).

(Quran Surah 98. Al Bayyinah ayat 5)

Yet they were commanded nothing but to worship Allah, with their sincere devotion to Him, being True in their faith

2. Conformance to Sunnah: Every act must be based upon the Sunnah of the Prophet. You can’t make up deeds. They will be rejected

(Quran Surah 33. Al Ahzab ayat 21)

Indeed in the Messenger of Allâh you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allâh and the Last Day and remembers Allâh much.

The Prophet (r) said “Follow my sunnah and the sunnah of the rightly guided caliphs after me. Bite on firmly to it with your molars. And beware of innovated matters, for every innovation is bid‘ah and every bid‘ah is misguidance.” [Musnad Ahmad, vol. 4, Sunan at-Tirmithee, Sunan Abu
Dawud, vol.3, Ibn Majah, vol 1]

(Quran Surah 4. An Nisaa’ ayat 65)

But no, by Your Lord, they can have no faith, until they make you (O Muhammad ) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission

Motivational factors

1. Love: Love of Allah (you must have a divine love), and love for Allah (Loving all those whom Allah loves)

(Quran Surah 2. Al Baqarah ayat 165)

and of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allâh as rivals (to Allâh). they love them as they love Allâh. But those who believe, love Allâh more (than anything else)…

2. Fear: The divine fear that Allah will punish us for our sins. Don’t have any supernatural fears

(Quran Surah 3. Ali ‘Imran ayat 175)

It is only Shaitân (Satan) that suggests to you the fear of his Auliyâ’ [supporters and friends (polytheists, disbelievers)], so fear them not, but fear Me, if You are (true) believers.

Ibn Hibban Vol 1: Ayesha narrates that Prophet said “Whoever tries to please Allah by displeasing the people, then Allah will be pleased with him, and people will be pleased with him. But, whoever tries to please people by displeasing Allah, then Allah will be angry with him, and the people will be angry with him” i.e. Allah will create hatred for him in other people

3. Hope: you expect the best from Allah (that He will forgive you, give you paradise). This is the opposite of despair

(Quran Surah 15. Al Hijr ayat 56)

[Ibrâhim (Abraham)] said: “And who despairs of the Mercy of his Lord except those who are astray?”

(Quran Surah 12. Yusuf ayat 87)

“O My sons! Go you and enquire about Yûsuf (Joseph) and his brother, and never give up hope of Allâh’s Mercy. Certainly no one despairs of Allâh’s Mercy, except the people who disbelieve.”

Giving up hope of Allah’s mercy is the 3rd major sin (At Tabarani, Vol 9). Who are you to think that your sins are greater than Allah’s mercy? Doesn’t He have enough mercy on you?

(Quran Surah 1. Al Faatihah ayat 2-5)

2. All the praises and thanks be to Allâh, the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinns and All that exists)→we praise Him since we LOVE HIM

3. the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. →Mercy/Hope

4. The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) → Fear of His punishment

5. You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything) →Worship

[Contents from a Yasir Qadhi lecture]

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Written by S Ibrahim

Jan 14, 2010 at 12:01 am

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