Islamic Creed | Correct Aqidah

Creed of Islam. Pillars of Iman. Tauhid. Eman. Tawhid. Touheed. Thowheed

34. Magic

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Magic may be defined as “the art that purports to control or forecast natural events, effects, or forces by invoking the supernatural”, or  “The practice of using charms, spells, or rituals to attempt to produce supernatural effects or control events in nature”, or “The exercise of sleight of hand or conjuring for entertainment”

Two types of Magic

  1. Trickery: Sleight of hand (Card games, vanishing acts, rabit from a hat, etc). Much of the magic is of this type
  2. Working with evil Jinns (Shaytan): A few people around the world practice this. Since modern science denies anything supernatural, many deny this. Jinns, like human beings, have some power. Ganesh idols drinking milk, statues moving around, golden calf mooing etc can all be explained by this type

Westerners divide magic into White (good) and Black (Evil). From a Muslim’s perspective, it’s all the same: evil. The term Shihr makes no distinction between branches of magic (sorcery, witchcraft, divination, etc)

Magic and miracles may appear same. During Pharoah’s time, the magicians performed magic, when they threw the sticks that appeared as snakes. Moses (AS) did miracle, and the magicians realized it’s not magic. And so, they became Muslims. Ibn Thaymiah (RA) wrote a book “Differences between the Friends of Allah, and the friends of Shaytan”

Magic does exist, but they can’t harm without Allaah’s permission:

(Quran Chapter 2. Al Baqarah ayat 102)

They followed what the Shayaatin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) In the lifetime of Sulaimaan (Solomon). Sulaimaan did not disbelieve, but the Shayaatin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Haarût and Maarût, but neither of These two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are Only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).” and from These (angels) people learn that by which they Cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allaah’s leave. and they learn that which harms them and profits them not. and indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. and How bad indeed was that for which they sold their ownselves, if they but knew.

This verse tells us that Prophet Sulaiman wasn’t the one who taught magic (A refutation against Jews’ Cabala), that learning magic is an act of disbelief and haraam (forbidden), and that the learners of magic will be in Hell

Prophet (PBUH) was affected by the spell of a Jew Labeeb Ibn ‘Asam [al-Bayhaqi, Bukhari (7/660), Muslim (3/5428)]. But, that didn’t affect revelations. He became forgetful; he thought the objects that were closer were far away, and vice versa. Allah probably allowed this effect to teach us the magic exists, and that he is a human

Possession: A person, who commits sacrilegious acts, opens himself for Jinn to enter his body. Going beyond physical exercises in Yoga, contemplating in Temples, going to Chi “tasks” in Kung fu etc can open the doors for Jinn to enter. You can walk on burning coals; talk about far away people; etc. All these can happen with a contract with Jinn (You follow Jinn’s requests to commit shirk, and it performs your requests). Jinns can’t be controlled.

Islamic Ruling on Magic: If you learn the tricks (like “hand is faster than eyes”), only to explain and not to fool, then it is OK. All other magic is haraam. Magic was also prohibited in Torah, and here is the punishment

‘A man or woman who is a medium or spiritist (wizard) among you must be put to death. You are to stone them; their blood will be on their own heads.’ (Leviticus 20:27)

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