Islamic Creed | Correct Aqidah

Creed of Islam. Pillars of Iman. Tauhid. Eman. Tawhid. Touheed. Thowheed

35. Saint / Walee, Sainthood, Walayath

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The literal translation of Walee is “ally” or “friend”. It can refer to Allaah Himself, Satan, close relative, etc.

(Quran Chapter 2. Al Baqarah ayat 257)

Allaah is the Walee (protector or guardian) of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into light. but as for those who disbelieve, their Auliyaa (supporters and helpers) are Tâghût [false deities and false leaders, etc.], they bring them out from light into darkness…

(Quran Chapter 4. An Nisaa’ ayat 119)

and whoever takes Shaitaan (Satan) as a Walee (protector or helper) instead of Allaah, has surely suffered a manifest loss.

The usage which concerns us most is “ Awliyaa Allaah” close friends of Allaah. In the Qur’aan Allaah has designated among mankind certain types of  individuals whom He considers especially close to Himself.

(Quran Chapter 10. Yunus ayat 62-63)

No doubt! Verily, the Awliyaa’ of Allaah [i.e. those who believe In the Oneness of Allaah, fear Allaah much, and love Allaah much], no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve, those who believe and have Taqwa (piety)

Allaah explains for us that the criterion for “Walaayah” (divine friendship) is Eemaan (faith) and Taqwaa (piety) and these qualities are shared by all true believers. Among the ignorant masses, the main criterion for Walaayah (“Sainthood”) is the performance of miracles which are commonly called Karaamaat.

(Quran Chapter 49. Al Hujuraat ayat 13)

…Verily, the most honorable of you with Allaah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqûn (pious)…

Most people with this belief don’t care about the faith and practises of the “miracle” performers. He can be a drunkard, womanizer, performed no prayer at all. Yet, if he did some karaamath, he is considered a Wali. Some who have been designated “saints” held heretical beliefs and practises, while others were known to have abandoned the religious rituals, and, yet others were even involved in licentious and vulgar behaviour. However, nowhere has Allaah made the working of miracles a stipulation for being His Walee.

Miracles are not the measure of righteousness or closeness to God, because evil Jinns too can perform miracles. We believe that Dajjal will perform miracles (So, is Dajjal a Walee?). During Pharoah’s time, Magicians performed some magic and Prophet Moosa was scared. Devils can perform magic.

Why can’t we designate certain pious people as “Wali”?

Only Allah knows what is in hearts. Man can only judge people by each other’s outward deeds which may be misleading. Allaah made that abundantly clear in the following verse

(Quran Chapter 2. Al Baqarah ayat 204)

and of mankind there is he whose speech may please you (O Muhammad ), in this worldly life, and he calls Allaah to witness as to that which is in his heart, yet he is the most quarrelsome of the enemies

Similarly, we don’t have authority to call someone a martyr (Shaheed / Shahid). Ibn ‘Abbaas said that he was told by ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab that on the day of (the battle) of Khaybar, some of the Prophet’s companions came and said, “ So and so is a martyr and so and so is a martyr,” but when they came to a man about whom they said, “ So and so is a martyr,” Allaah’s messenger declared, “ By no means! I have seen him in hell in a cloak which he took (from the spoils) dishonestly.” Allaah’s messenger then said, “Go, Ibn al-Khattaab, and announce among the people three times that only the believers will enter paradise.” [Saheeh Muslim 1/209]

The Prophet Muhammad specified among his companions (Sahaabah) some whom he gave glad tidings of paradise in this life. However, such pronouncements were based on revelation and not his own ability to judge the hearts.

Written by S Ibrahim

Feb 20, 2010 at 10:44 pm

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