Islamic Creed | Correct Aqidah

Creed of Islam. Pillars of Iman. Tauhid. Eman. Tawhid. Touheed. Thowheed

50. Transcendence. Or, is God everywhere?

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Allaah has described Himself in His revealed books and through His prophets in order that we may have a better understanding of just who He is. Since the human mind is limited in its knowledge and scope, it is impossible for it to understand something which has no limits. Therefore, Allaah revealed some of His attribute, in order that mankind may not confuse the attributes of created things with those of creator (Allaah)

History: So, don’t try to understand Him thru His creations. When the concept of God is distorted, people take creations as God-incarnate. One of the oft-quoted phrase about God is “Allah is everywhere”.  In the “Golden Age” of Abbasid era, when the philosophical books from India, Greece, and Persia were translated, this idea of Allah being everywhere (Omnipresent) was introduced in Islam.  And it became a foundational principle in the creed of Sufi (mystical) orders. It became popular with Mu‘tazilah (the Rationalists, Mutazilities) who occupied key posts in the administration of the ‘Abbaasid Caliph, Ma’moon (rule: 813 to 832 CE). So, the whole concept of ‘Allah is everywhere’ is a non-islamic concept.

Danger of the Immanence Concept: On the basis of the false attribute of divine immanence (i.e. the “God is everywhere” belief) some claimed that God was more in humans than in animals, etc. From that theory it was only a matter of time before some claimed that God was more in them than in the rest of humans. Among Muslim people, a deranged sufi / mystic and so-called saint, al-Hallaaj (858-992 CE), openly declared that he and Allaah were one [A.J. Arberry, Muslim Saints and Mystics]

The Nusayrites, a breakaway Shi‘ite sect of the tenth century, claimed that the Prophet’s son-in-law, ‘Alee ibn Abee Taalib, was manifestation of Allaah [Shorter Encyclopedia of Islaam]

Clear Proofs: There are a number of proofs based on the essential elements of the Islamic creed which have been used by orthodox Muslim scholars to establish the fact that Allaah is totally separate from, and above His creation. There are seven categories of proofs, but i’m just listing a few proofs from just two categories (Quranic & Hadeeth Proofs)

[Quran Chapter al-Ma‘aarij, 70:4]

The angels and the Spirit (Gabriel) ascend up to Him in a day whose length is like fifty thousand years

[Quran Chapter Faatir, 35:10]

Every good saying goes up to Him

[Quran Chapter an-Nahl, 16:102] Down from the Lord means He is above

Say, the Holy Spirit has brought it (the revelation) down from your Lord in truth, in order to strengthen those who believe, and as a guide and glad tidings to Muslims

Hadeeth Proofs:

Hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah in which he narrated that Allaah’s messenger said, “ (A group of) angels stay with you at night and (another group of) angels by daytime, and both groups gather at the time of ‘Asr (evening) and Fajr (dawn) prayers. Then those angels who have stayed with you overnight ascend (to Heaven) and Allaah asks them (about you) – though He knows all about you…” [Sahih al-Bukhari (Arabic-English), vol.9, pp.386-7, no.525),  Sahih Muslim (English Trans.), vol.1, pp.306-7, no.1320, and an-Nasaa’ee]

The narration about the Prophet’s wife Zaynab bint Jahsh who used to boast to the other wives of the Prophet (PBUH) that their families gave them away in marriage to the Prophet (PBUH) while Allaah from above the seven heavens gave her away in marriage. [Narrated by Anas and collected by al-Bukhaaree (Sahih Al-Bukhari (Arabic-English), vol.9, p.382, no.517]

Prophet (PBUH) taught the sick to pray for themselves “ Rabbanaa Allaah alladhee fis-Samaa’e Taqaddasasmuka. (Our Lord Allaah who is above the heavens, may Your name be Holy…) [Collected by Abu Daawood (Sunan Abu Dawud (English Trans.), vol.3, p.109, no.3883)]

Mu’aawiyah ibn al-Hakam said, “ I had a servant girl who used to tend to my sheep in the area of Mount Uhud, near a place called al-Jawwaareeyah…. I said, ‘Oh Messenger of Allaah (r) couldn’t I free her?’ He replied, ‘Bring her to me’, so I brought her. He then asked her, ‘Where is Allaah?’ and she replied, ‘Above the sky.’ Then He asked her, ‘Who am I?’ and she replied, ‘You are Allaah’s Messenger.’ So he said, ‘Free her, for verily she is a true believer.’” [Collected byMuslim (Sahih Muslim (English Trans.), vol.1, pp.271-2, no.1094)]

Summary:
1. Allaah is completely separate from His creation.
2. Creation neither surrounds Him nor is above Him in any way.
3. He, Allaah is above all things.

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