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Creed of Islam. Pillars of Iman. Tauhid. Eman. Tawhid. Touheed. Thowheed

102. Acceptance of Verses and Hadeeths Containing Allah’s Attributes

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Imam Ibn Qudaamah states

Every attribute of the Most Merciful [Allaah] which comes in the Qur’aan, or is authentically narrated from the Chosen One (Prophet), must be believed in, submitted to and accepted. Contradicting it by rejection, interpretation, drawing resemblance or similitude, must be abandoned. Whatever is difficult to grasp [among the attributes] must be affirmed literally, and delving into its meaning should be avoided. Knowledge of it should be referred to the One who said it, and we put its responsibility/trusteeship to the one who narrated it. [In doing so] we follow the way of those firmly grounded in knowledge who were praised by Allaah in His Clear Book in His statement

“… And those firmly grounded in knowledge say: We believe in it; all of it is from our Lord.” (Quran Chapter Aal ‘Imraan, 3: 7)

Regarding those who desire to interpret the unclear aspects of revelation

“As for those in whose hearts there is deviation, they follow what is unclear of it, desiring turmoil and misinterpretation.” (Quran Chapter Aal ‘Imraan, 3: 7)

He made the desire for interpretation a sign of deviation and linked it to the desire for turmoil in censure. Then He veiled them from what they hoped for and cut off their desires from what they sought in His statement

“While, no one knows its interpretation except Allaah.” (Quran Chapter Aal ‘Imraan, 3: 7)

Shaykh Al-‘Uthaymeen wrote: “[The author has] divided texts from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah addressing the Divine Attributes into two sections: Clearly obvious and problematically obscured.

The Clear are those whose expression and meanings are clear. In such cases, it is obligatory to believe in its expression and to affirm its real meaning without rejection or interpretation, and without drawing similitude with the creation or understanding it in human terms. Because the Sharee‘ah has brought it, therefore it is obligatory to believe in it, accept it and submit to it.

As for the obscure verses, they are those whose meanings are not clear due to their general implications or limitations in the understanding of the reader. Affirmation of their expression (lafz) is obligatory due to the Sharee‘ah use of them, and abstention from delving into their meanings and unnecessary mention of them is also obligatory because they are so obscure that no ruling can be made with regards to their meanings. Therefore we delegate knowledge of them to Allaah and His Messenger.” (Sharh Lum‘ah, pp. 32-3)

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Written by S Ibrahim

Jul 5, 2010 at 11:51 pm

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