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104. Promotion of the Sunnah and Warnings Against Bid’ah

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Imam Ibn Qudaamah writes “We have been commanded to follow their {rightly guided predecessors} footsteps and be guided by their road signs. And we have been warned against innovations and informed that they are misguidance”. The Prophet (pbuh) said,

“Follow my sunnah and the sunnah of the rightly guided caliphs after me. Bite on firmly to it with your molars. And beware of innovated matters, for every innovation is bid‘ah and every bid‘ah is misguidance.” [Musnad Ahmad, vol. 4, Sunan at-Tirmithee, Sunan Abu Dawud, vol.3, Ibn Majah, vol 1]

‘Abdullaah ibn Mas‘ood – May Allaah be pleased with him – said: “Follow and do not innovate for you have [been left with] what is sufficient for you.” [Kashf ul Khafaa’, section ‘Hamza’]

‘Umar ibn ‘Abdul-‘Azeez was reported to have said, “Stop {refrain from delving into certain areas, and avoid speculation about them} where the people [i.e., the Companions] stopped, for they stopped based on knowledge and restrained themselves due to deep insight. They were better able to uncover it and if there was virtue in it they were most suitable to gain it. If you say: ‘Something new happened after them,’ [know that] those who disagreed with their guidance and preferred another sunnah beside theirs innovated regarding it. They [i.e., the Companions] described what fulfilled the need and what they spoke about was sufficient. No one expended more effort than them and those following them. Some people fell short of [following] them and went astray, while others passed them and became extremists. They were between that on straight guidance.” [Narrated by Ibn al-Jawzee in Manaaqib ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdil ‘Azeez, pp. 83-84 and Ibn Rajab in Fadl ‘Ilm as-Salaf]

An incident: Muhammad ibn ‘Abdir-Rahmaan al-Adramee said to a man who had spoken a bid‘ah {the claim that the Qur’aan was created} and invited people to it, “Did the Messenger of Allaah (pbuh), Aboo Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthmaan and ‘Alee know it? Or did they not?”

The man replied, “They did not know it.”

He said, “So you know something they didn’t know?”

The man then said, “I say that they did know it.”

Al-Adramee said, “Was it appropriate for them not to speak about it or call people to it, or not?”

He replied, “It was appropriate for them.”

Muhammad then exclaimed, “Something which was appropriate for the Messenger of Allaah and his Caliphs is not appropriate for you!” {i.e. if they knew it but didn’t speak about it, why is that you are talking about it?}

The man then became silent. The Caliph, who was present at the time said, “Allaah will not elaborate [the meanings] for one who does not find appropriate what they found appropriate.” [narrated by al-Khateeb in Tareekh Baghdaad, vol. 10, Ibn Katheer in al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah, vol. 10, and ath-Thahabee in Siyar A‘laam an-Nubalaa, vol. 11]

Bottom line: If somebody comes up with any religious thing which was not conveyed / followed by Sahaba {companions of the Prophet Muhammad}, then he is saying he knows religion better than the people who were with the Prophet Muhammad

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Written by S Ibrahim

Jul 25, 2010 at 8:16 pm

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