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106. Some Verses on the Divine Attributes

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The name of الله Allāh, written in Arabic call...

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Please read the previous post ‘Questions on each of Allah’s attributes‘ first

Among the verses on the Attributes are the statements of Allaah:

All that is on earth will disappear, but the Face of your Lord, Full of Majesty and Honor, will remain [Surah Ar-Rahman]

The attribute of “Face” is among the essential attributes and it clearly confirmed by this verse whereby it is attributed directly to Allaah in a possessive construction. What is attributed to Allaah is either a thaat [something actually existing] or a meaning or concept (ma‘naa). The thaats can either exist by themselves as in the case of “Allaah’s camel” and “Allaah’s house” or they cannot as in the case of “Allaah’s face” or “Allaah’s hand”, etc.  i.e., faces and hands do not exist by themselves without an owner

“Instead, His two hands are spread out.” (5:64)

This is also a case of attribution of and existence which cannot exist by itself, and as such is one of Allaah’s attributes.

If you start to give new meanings without proofs from Qur’an or Hadeeths, you create greater confusion. The deviants claim that “face” means “reward”. How did you come to this conclusion? If “hand” is translated as “ability”, then does “two hands” mean “two abilities”?

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Written by S Ibrahim

Feb 12, 2011 at 2:55 pm

105. Questions on each of Allah’s attributes

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Three questions may be asked about each and every one of Allaah’s attributes

Q: Is the attribute to be understood literally and why?

A: Yes, because the basic principle for understanding speech is according to its literal meaning. The literal meaning should not be avoided [by considering the attribute metaphorical] except if there exists authentic evidence which prevents us accepting the literal meaning. For example, Allaah states:

“… and I am closer to him than his jugular vein” (Surah Qaaf, 50:16)

This verse implies that Allaah is within human beings since the jugular vein is inside the necks of humans. However, such a meaning would imply that humans may worship other humans and themselves, both of which acts are forbidden. Furthermore, Allaah states elsewhere in the Qur’aan that

“They fear their Lord who is above them” (Surah anNahl, 15: 50)

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) also declared a woman a true believer on the basis of her answering his question, “Where is Allaah?” by saying that He is above the heavens.[A long hadeeth from Sahih Muslim Vol. 1]

Q: Is it possible to describe how it is and why?

A: The answer is no, it is not permissible to describe how Allaah’s attributes are, due to the Almighty’s statement

“Their knowledge cannot encompass Him” (Surah Taahaa, 20: 110)

The human mind cannot comprehend how Allaah’s attributes operate. For example, human beings can hardly understand how they see; how the upside-down image that strikes the retina at the back of the eye is transformed into signals which are read by the brain. To understand how Allaah sees without eye apparatus, etc. is impossible

Q: Does it resemble human characteristics and why?

A: The answer is no, the divine attributes do not resemble the attributes of created beings, as the Almighty said

“Nothing is similar to Him…” (Surah Shooraa, 42: 11)

Allaah deserves absolute perfection, thus it is not possible for Him to resemble the creation because it is imperfect

Source: Introduction to Lum‘atul-I‘tiqaad by Shaykh Al-Uthaymeen

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Written by S Ibrahim

Feb 12, 2011 at 2:52 pm

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