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Creed of Islam. Pillars of Iman. Tauhid. Eman. Tawhid. Touheed. Thowheed

153. Levels of belief in Qadar

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Belief in Qadr has four levels:

1. The first level is to have belief in the knowledge of Allah; which encompasses everything. Not even the like of the weight of an atom in the heavens or on the earth escapes His knowledge. And He knew about all His creation before He created them. He knew their provision, appointed terms, their speech and actions, all their doings, their secrets and open declarations, and who are the People of Paradise and the People of the Hellfire from among them.

2. The second level is to have belief in the recording of that knowledge; and that He wrote all that will exist according to His prior knowledge. Included in this is belief in the Preserved Tablet (al-Lawh al-Mahfooz).

3. The third level is to have belief in Allaah’s executive will and His omnipotence. They necessitate each other with respect to what was and what will be. But they do not necessitate each other with respect to what will not be and what was not. So what Allah wishes exists by His omnipotence, and it could not be any other way, and what Allah does not wish does not exist, due to the absence of Allah’s wish for it and not due to Allah’s inability to make it exist.

4. The fourth level is to have belief that Allah is the Creator of everything and that there is not a single atom in the heavens or in the earth, or that which is between them, that Allah did not create. He is the creator of their movements and their lack of movements. There is no creator besides Him and no Lord except Him.

Source: A’laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah by Haafiz ibn Ahmad al-Hakamee

The above list is the same four items mentioned in 150. Destiny (Qadaa and Qadr) ( under “Shaykh Al-‘Uthaymeen identified four main issues necessary for the belief in Qadr to be correct and complete”. These are so important, I wanted to provide another Scholar Haafiz Ibn Ahmad al-Hakamee’s description too.

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