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The good and bad Jinn, and Messengers among Jinn

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Jinn are creatures of God, and they remain hidden to us. They are not evil/bad angels. They are different from angels (Malaaikah). Angels don’t disobey Allah.

Their Creation

Allah says, in Surah al-Hijr, about how He created humans and Jinn:

And We did certainly create man out of clay from an altered black mud. And the jinn We created before from scorching fire (15:26-27)

He also says in Surah ar-Rahman,

And He created the jinn from a smokeless flame of fire (55:15)

The Good and Bad

Jinn and human have some similarities – they can choose to be good or bad, they can worship Allah or disobey Him. Like humans, some Jinn follow the truth. Mankind and jinn have the freedom of choice, while the angels don’t have that. Allah cites the same reason for the creation of human and jinn

And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me (51:56)

The good among them submit to God, while the evil jinn disbelieve. Allah says in Surah al-Jinn

‘And of us some are Muslims (who have submitted to Allah, after listening to this Quran), and of us some are Al-Qasitun (disbelievers those who have deviated from the Right Path)’. And whosoever has embraced Islam (i.e. has become a Muslim by submitting to Allah), then such have sought the Right Path.”

And as for the Qasitun (disbelievers who deviated from the Right Path), they shall be firewood for Hell (72:14-15)

Shaytan/Shayateen (Plural): The jinn who disbelieve and disobey Allah are called Shayatin, and they try to harm the people. They falsify things to people, and try to mislead them. They beautify evil deeds, and make us believe the good deeds as boring. For their misdeeds, Allah will send them to Hell

…And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled: “Surely, I shall fill Hell with jinns and men all together.” (11:119)

And thus We have made for every prophet an enemy – devils from mankind and jinn, inspiring to one another decorative speech in delusion. (6:112)

And [mention, O Muhammad], the Day when He will gather them together [and say], “O company of jinn, you have [misled] many of mankind.” And their allies among mankind will say, “Our Lord, some of us made use of others, and we have [now] reached our term, which you appointed for us.” He will say, “The Fire is your residence, wherein you will abide eternally, except for what Allah wills. Indeed, your Lord is Wise and Knowing.” (6:128)

Iblis is a bad jinn (No. He is not a bad angel).  We often use the term Shaitaan to refer to him. He was very proud and that led him to disobey Allah’s command. Allah mentions in Surah al-Kahf

And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate to Adam,” and they prostrated, except for Iblees. He was of the jinn and departed from the command of his Lord. Then will you take him and his descendants as allies other than Me while they are enemies to you? Wretched it is for the wrongdoers as an exchange. (18:50)

Interaction with men:

Some jinn are useful to men. Prophet Sulaiman (AS) had many jinn who worked for him.

And to Solomon [We subjected] the wind – its morning [journey was that of] a month – and its afternoon [journey was that of] a month, and We made flow for him a spring of [liquid] copper. And among the jinn were those who worked for him by the permission of his Lord… (34:12)

Some evil men interact with evil jinn.

‘And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the men among the jinns, but they (jinns) increased them (mankind) in sin and disbelief. (72:6)

Some good jinn visited Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and listened to the recitation of Qur’an.

And [mention, O Muhammad], when We directed to you a few of the jinn, listening to the Qur’an. And when they attended it, they said, “Listen quietly.” And when it was concluded, they went back to their people as warners. (46:29)

Say, [O Muhammad], “It has been revealed to me that a group of the jinn listened and said, ‘Indeed, we have heard an amazing Qur’an. (72:1)

Messengers among Jinn:

Allah has sent rasuls (Messengers) to jinn, just as He did for humans. Allah mentions in Surah al-An’am

“O company of jinn and mankind, did there not come to you messengers from among you, relating to you My verses and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours?” They will say, “We bear witness against ourselves”; and the worldly life had deluded them, and they will bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers. (6:130)

Please note that there’s a consensus among the scholars that the Prophet (SAW) was sent to both man and jinn.

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Written by S Ibrahim

Mar 2, 2013 at 3:54 pm

2012 in review

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The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2012 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

600 people reached the top of Mt. Everest in 2012. This blog got about 8,300 views in 2012. If every person who reached the top of Mt. Everest viewed this blog, it would have taken 14 years to get that many views.

Attractions in 2012

These are the posts that got the most views in 2012. You can see all of the year’s most-viewed posts in your Site Stats.

 

Click here to see the complete report.

 

Written by S Ibrahim

Jan 3, 2013 at 10:58 pm

Diseases, Calamities and Losses: Is God Really Merciful and Just?

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Hardships, accidents, marital woes, sickness, loss of beloved family members, and other “bad things” in life cause many people to ask questions like “If there is really a God, why do these things happen?”, “Is the God really Merciful?”, “I have been a good guy, and yet I’m suffering. My neighbor is an evil person, yet he is enjoying life. Why does your God give good things to bad guys, and bad things to good guys?”, etc.

Varying perceptions of Good and Bad:

This is one of the Names of Allah. It means The Most Forgiving One.

Before we get into answers, let us understand our definitions for bad/evil and good. A child thinks the injection the doctor gives her is a bad thing. A school student thinks the warning from his teacher is a bad thing. As they grow older, they don’t consider the injections and warnings as bad.

Some consider hijab (veil) as bad. Some economists consider Communism (or, Capitalism) as bad. And there are others who consider these as good. What do you think causes the differences in perceptions?

Promotions in the office are good things, right? Ask those who couldn’t perform well in the new positions and were fired/terminated. Getting married to the prettiest women of the city or country may be considered the best thing by some people. Others disagree. We make judgments based on our emotions and limited knowledge of the past. We have no clue about the future. God is Wise and omniscient.

Have you met employees, who were bitter when they were ignored for promotions, and who later on expressed their happiness with, “Thank God. I wasn’t promoted”. Have you been irritated by some event (e.g.: a flat tire, missed flight, cancelled meeting, etc.), and then felt relieved to know later on that the first event saved you from a major mishap. Would you still consider the first unpleasant event as bad?

“Punishing” the Good People:

A few people ask, “Tsunami is pure evil. It killed not just thousands of people – good and bad, and cattle, but also destroyed some ecosystem. Why did God allow Tsunamis?”.

There are two parts in this question:

1. Pure evil: No one knew making medicines from poisonous snakes until a few decades ago. It is probable that some people asked earlier, “Venomous Snakes are pure evil. They kill people and animals. Why did God create these snakes?”. The point is we may not know the wisdom behind God allowing calamities like Tsunami. We don’t know yet any benefits of Tsunami. But, that doesn’t allow us to label that as “pure evil”.

2. Affecting the good people:

And fear the Fitnah (affliction and trial, etc.) which affects not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong (but it may afflict all the good and the bad people), and know that Allah is Severe in punishment. [Qur’an 8:25]

 

Islamic Perspective:

Islam says sufferings can happen to people for two reasons:

  1. Disciplining/Punishment
  2. Test/Trial

Punishments are what happen to people in return for their evil deeds. Trials are tests which are sent to try people, and people may be tested by good things or by bad.

I. Discipline is required everywhere. Weeds need to be removed from your garden and fields. When we do bad/evil things, we may be punished in this world or Hereafter.

Evil (sins and disobedience of Allah, etc.) has appeared on land and sea because of what the hands of men have earned (by oppression and evil deeds, etc.), that Allah may make them taste a part of that which they have done, in order that they may return (by repenting to Allah, and begging His Pardon) [Qur’an 30:41]

And verily, We will make them taste of the near torment (i.e. the torment in the life of this world, i.e. disasters, calamities, etc.) prior to the supreme torment (in the Hereafter), in order that they may (repent and) return [Qur’an 32:21]

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said: “There is no sin more deserving of having its punishment hastened in this world, in addition to what is reserved in the Hereafter for the one who does it, than transgression and cutting ties of kinship.” [Abu Dawood and others. Al-Albani graded it Saheeh (sound)]

Also, please see the Quranic verses al-Nisa’ 4:79, al-Shoora 42:30, 7:64, 11:82, and Aal ‘Imraan 3:141

Truly, Hell is a place of ambush. A dwelling place for the Taghun (those who transgress the boundary limits set by Allah like polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, hypocrites, sinners, criminals, etc.) [Qur’an 78:21-22]

II. Allah tests all the believers. He may test us with sufferings or even with abundance of good things. A rich Muslim is tested with riches (how he earns and spends), and a poor Muslim is tested with lack of means.

And We will surely test you with something of fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits, but give good tidings to the patient, Who, when disaster strikes them, say, “Indeed we belong to Allah , and indeed to Him we will return.” [Qur’an 2:155-156]

Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: “We believe,” and will not be tested? And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allah will certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make (it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars [Qur’an 29:2-3]

It was narrated that Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “When Allah wills good for His slave, He hastens the punishment for him in this world, and when Allah wills ill for His slave, he withholds the punishment for his sins from him until he comes with all his sins on the Day of Resurrection.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (2396); classed as Saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah (1220).

Muslim (2572) narrated that ‘Ayisha (may Allah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The believer is not harmed by a thorn or anything greater, but Allah will raise him in status thereby, or erase a sin thereby.”

Conclusion:

We can’t tell which event is a test and which one is a punishment. Muslims should be patient and seek forgiveness. Punishments in this world is nothing compared to those of Hell. Allah is Merciful, and so He punishes us for our sins in this world. Allah is Just  in that His punishment is never greater than the evil/bad things we do. Allah is so Kind that His rewards are always greater than our good deeds.

Whoever brings a good deed (Islamic Monotheism and deeds of obedience to Allah and His Messenger SAW) shall have ten times the like thereof to his credit, and whoever brings an evil deed (polytheism, disbelief, hypocrisy, and deeds of disobedience to Allah and His Messenger SAW) shall have only the recompense of the like thereof, and they will not be wronged [Qur’an 6:160]

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Written by S Ibrahim

Oct 28, 2012 at 9:37 pm

Imam Abu Hanifah’s opinion on building mosques on graves

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Kitaab al-Aathar” of Imam Abu Hanifah (RA), from the narration of Imam Muhammad ibn Al-Hasan Ash-Shaybani (RA), as translated by Abdassamad Clarke, and published by Turath Publishing (UK):

“Muhammad said, “Abu Hanifah informed us from Hammad that Ibrahim said, ‘It used to be said that one should raise the grave so that it will be recognized as a grave and not stepped on.’

Muhammad said, “We adhere to this, but we do not think that anything should be added to what comes out of it (the soil which comes out of the grave), and we dislike it being plastered with gypsum or with clay, or that a mosque or any marker should be build by it or that anything should be written on it. It is disliked that it should be built with baked bricks or that they should be put in the interior of the grave. We see no harm in sprinkling water on it. That is the verdict of Abu Hanifah, may Allah, exalted is He, have mercy on him.”

What Clarke translated as “We dislike” (Yukrahu) means Makruh Tahrimi for Abu Hanifah, meaning dislike of forbiddance. If you are a true hanafi, if you really love Imam Aboo Haneefa (RA), please obey his fatwa: Don’t build graves, don’t build masjids on graves. Please see Ornate tombs and decorated graves for a brief history and practices on tombs and graves.

For an explanation of Surah Kahf verse 18 (“…We verily, shall build a place of worship over them”), and hadeeths related to tombs, please click Ruling on building mosques over graves

Background:

Imam Muhammad ibn Al-Hasan Ash-Shaybani (RA) was a student of Imam Abu Hanifa (RA). Imam Abu Hanifa (RA) was a Tabi’ i (Follower).

The Kitab al-Athar, according to its publishers, was the first book composed in Islam after the generation of the Companions. Al-Imam Abu Hanifa Numan ibn Thabit wrote it. It comprises Ahadith (hadeeths) that connect directly back to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam (marfu), those which stop short at a Companion or one of the Followers (mawquf) and those which are attributed to the Messenger sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam directly by one of the Followers or Followers of the Followers without attribution to a Companion (mursal)

Clarification of Hanafi Scholars’ use of words:

Haram: This is something that is forbidden by Quran, or Hadith Mutawatir (narrated by such a large number of people that it is impossible that they have invented a lie) or Mashur (Mashhoor – narrated by three people or more at every level, but does not reach the condition of the mutawaatir).

Makruh Tahrimi: That is something that is like Haram in punishment. The only difference is that this forbiddance is established by Khabar Ahad (single narration). So for hanafis (Ahnaf), wearing gold and silk for men, doing Nikah of Tahlil (for the purpose of making woman legal to the first husband) are Makruh Tahrimi as they are forbidden by Khabar Ahad and not by Quran or Hadith Mutawatir.

Makruh Tanzihi: This is the forbiddance whose doer is not sinful, yet leaving this action will give reward, like eating and drinking standing or other actions.

Acknowledgment: The primary source for this post is “A gift for the Bralwiyah” by Ali Hassan Khan

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Written by S Ibrahim

Oct 20, 2012 at 8:00 pm

Barelvi Wali watches intimate relations of his students

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Ahmed Raza Khan Fazil-e-Barelvi (1856–1921 CE) was a Sunni Islamic scholar and sufi, whose works influenced the Barelvi movement of South Asia. Raza Khan wrote on numerous topics, including law, religion, philosophy and the sciences. He was a prolific writer, producing nearly 1,000 works in his lifetime (Wikipedia)

In “Al-Malfuz Ash-Sharif”, v 2 p 232, Ahmad Raza Khan wrote:
“Shaykh Ahmad ibn Mubarak Saljamasai had two wives. His Murshid one spoke to him about this and that dialogue was as follows:

Murshid- Last night you spent the night with one wife while the other was awake. This is not a correct thing to do.

Murid- O Master! The other wife was asleep.

Murshid- No, she was not asleep.

Murid- Oh Master! How did you know that my second wife was not asleep?

Murshid- Do you have a spare bed in the room where your second wife sleeps?

Murid- Yes my Master

Murshid- I was present on that spare bed

Ali Hassan Khan of UK wrote the below comment in his book “A gift for the Bralwiyah”

So for Bralwis, their Peers watch their intercourse with their wives and are always with them. What is this shameful creed?!!! These people should then come naked in front of their Peers as for them the Shaykh is in their bedrooms and watches their intercourses. La Hawla wala Quwatta ila Billah!!!

Does the religion of Islam allow a Muslim to be present in the room of a person sleeping with his wife? This is a clear opposition to the Shari’ah!!!

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Written by S Ibrahim

Mar 30, 2012 at 10:08 pm

The Untold History of the Khaleefas

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imprint of the historical seal of Muhammad. Th...

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Earlier Post: Judiciary in an ancient empire. Can you identify its leader?

The best people to convey Allah’s Guidance and commands were the prophets and messengers. The best & last of them was Muhammad (pbuh). We are not going to get any more. The next best (i.e. 2nd best) people in terms of understanding Allah’s Guidance and commands were the students of the final messenger (i.e. Companions, Sahabas). That is not just logical, but the final messenger himself told so. “The best of people is my generation, then those who come after them, then those who come after them”. [Bukhari and Muslim]

Nobody, in Islam, becomes “Best” without excellent knowledge. If anyone thinks that companions (Sahabas) were best in piety, worship & obedience but not in knowledge, then he doesn’t understand the importance of knowledge in Islam. He contradicts a Quranic verse “It is only those who have knowledge among His servants that fear Allah” (Qur’an 35:28). He also seem to ignore the Prophet’s sayings which instruct us to learn certain things from certain companions.

If any Aalim / Shaykh thinks that he has a better, smarter, or more knowledgeable way, here is a warning from Prophet himself: “And this Ummah will divide into seventy-three sects all of which except one will go to Hell and they (i.e. the Saved Sect) are those who are upon what I and My Companions are upon (i.e. those who follow My Way and the Way of my Companions.)” [Reported by at-Tirmidhee]

The best among the sahabas are the khaleefas (Caliphs, Khulafaa). Please see the attached file Follow the Khaleefas – Some hadeeths for hadiths ordering us to follow them. When you obey the Messenger (pbuh), you are actually obeying Allah (because, it is Allah who ordered us to obey His Messenger). When you follow the Khaleefas, you are actually following the Messenger (pbuh) (because it is the Messenger who ordered us to follow his Khaleefas). In other words, the status of the Messenger and his khaleefas come from the orders of Allah & His Messenger respectively.

A few brothers have an understanding that Prophet told us to follow his khaleefas only in political and administrative matters. This is an incorrect understanding. Those who know usool al-Fiqh & the history of fiqh wouldn’t say such a thing. Neither the Prophet, nor anyone from early generations nor the later Imams hinted anything like “follow them in political and administrative, but ignore their Islamic things”. They never distinguished religion from worldly affairs, like politics. Also, there is nothing in the hadeeths restricting the applicability of those commands only to his companions. So, how can you & I who live several generations after the khaleefas follow political and administrative decrees / rulings of Abu Bakr, Umar etc.

For those who say “We know Astronomy better than Sahabas”, the response is: Knowledge of Astronomy (or Medicine or engineering) doesn’t make a Muslim better or more deserving of Paradise. If it were the case, Muslims who would come in the future are better than us, because they’d have more knowledge of Astronomy than us. And, the best Muslims would be those who live closest to the Last Day. Is that the case? I can write more, but this should suffice for those who seek clarification.

Clarification: Islamic Shariah comprises only Qur’an and Sunnah. We are not talking about adding “Sahabas” as a 3rd source of Shariah. We are also not talking about blindly following them (Taqleed). Prophet himself made a few mistakes (e.g.: ignoring the old blind companion while doing Da’wa, being lenient to the Badr prisoners of war, etc) and Allah corrected him. These mistakes don’t reduce the status of our Prophet (pbuh). The best sahabas made some mistakes too. That doesn’t bring them down to our level. Those mistakes don’t make our Aalims equal to them.

Now, how do we follow khaleefas / caliphs when we don’t know about them? Some Muslims say that Khilafat is the solution to all of the community’s problems. How could a good Khilafat be established when people know very little about the best Khalifas? Assuming if people get political power, what kind of government would they establish?

One academic mentioned the below to Dr. ‘Ali Muhammad As-Sallaabee, author of Prophet’s and Khaleefas’ biographies:

“There now exists a chasm between Muslims and the era of the rightly guided Khaleefas. The priority of the Muslims are out of whack, with many of them knowing a great deal about the lives of scholars from recent centuries, and comparatively little about the lives of the rightly guided khaleefas. To be sure, much can be learned from the era of rightly guided Khaleefas, for it was an era that was replete with lessons about just governance, sound economic policies, military heroics, good manners, Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) – and the necessary steps that must be taken in order to establish a stable, just, upright, and God-fearing society. These are the very lessons Muslims desperately need to learn about today”. What is the legacy of the Aalim / Shyakh / Imam we know, adore and follow?

The Khaleefas accomplished phenomenal success in many areas, despite limited resources and time. For example, Abu Bakr ruled the young nation just for 2 years & 2 months – his achievements last even now. He defeated Persia and Roman empires, rooted out apostasy from the Arabian Peninsula with an all-out assault against Apostates, and compiled Quran in one book. The areas they conquered (Egypt, Sudan, Morocco, Syria, Iraq etc) are still Muslim countries. The fact that rightly guided khaleefahs achieved accomplishments of astounding magnitude that continued until today is a living proof that Allah blessed their efforts because of their knowledge, piety, steadfastness, and hard work. They wanted to please only Allaah. They had no other agenda.

What is our agenda? Whom do we want to please? And, whose understanding of Qur’an and Hadeeths do we want to follow?

Insha Allah, i will try to post a few events and lessons from the lives of khaleefas, and some extracts from their letters and speeches in http://seyedibrahim.wordpress.com/

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Written by S Ibrahim

Jan 15, 2012 at 7:10 pm

2011 in review

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The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2011 annual report for https://islaamiccreed.wordpress.com blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

A New York City subway train holds 1,200 people. This blog was viewed about 5,100 times in 2011. If it were a NYC subway train, it would take about 4 trips to carry that many people.

 

These are the posts that got the most views in 2011. You can see all of the year’s most-viewed posts in your Site Stats.

1 52. Seeing the Prophet Muhammad
2 51. Can Allah be seen? Does God have an image?
3 10. The conditions of La’ilaha illa-Allah
4 05. Proofs for Existence of God from Quran
5 50. Transcendence. Or, is God everywhere?

Most visitors came from The United States. The United Kingdom & India were not far behind.

The top referring sites in 2011 were:

Click here to see the complete report.

Written by S Ibrahim

Jan 1, 2012 at 12:06 pm

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