Islamic Creed | Correct Aqidah

Creed of Islam. Pillars of Iman. Tauhid. Eman. Tawhid. Touheed. Thowheed

Posts Tagged ‘Qadar

Do you KNOW what you BELIEVE? Are your beliefs the same as those of Prophet’s?

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Questions

  1. Are the Angels and Jinns the same creatures? Do ghosts (souls of dead) exist?
  2. Qadr: If Allah knows if you would go to Heaven or Hell, why should you do good?
  3. If Allah is really Merciful, then why did tsunami & wars happen?
  4. Why shouldn’t you, while in distress, call “Ya Muhyiddeen” (or, “Ya Ghawth“) even though you believe Allah is the Helper and Muhyideen Abdul Qadir Jilani is only an intermediary?
  5. Do you know if Jesus (Prophet ‘Eesa) would come back?
  6. If a person is married but have no kids for 10 years, do you think Allah is being harsh on him?
  7. Is social democracy the best form of Government for our times?
  8. Are the punishments in the grave real, or just spiritual or illusory?
  9. Was Islam founded or established by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)? No. Or, is Islam the religion of all Prophets (AH)? Yes
  10. You are committing minor sins (We all do), and your friends / relatives demand that you do a major sin. You refuse. They say, “Well, you are not a holy man. Come on, just do it once”. How would you respond? Why is it NOT OK to commit major sins?
  11. Will all those who are born to Muslim parents go to Heaven (at least after some punishment in Hell)? No
  12. What are the conditions / requirements to get into Heaven (Jannah)? Will doing more good deeds (more charity, sunnah prayers, etc.) in this world make any difference in the Hereafter?
  13. Are there differences in punishments for those who enter Hell (Jahannam or Naar)? Are there levels in Hellfire?
  14. Were the original Torah (Taurat) and Bible (Injeel) revealed by Allah? Or, were they created by humans?
  15. Prophet (pbuh) said, “The space taken up in the Hereafter by something as little as the whip of one of you is better than the whole of this earth and what is on it.” (Sahih Bukhari). He (pbuh) is basically saying an inch of the paradise is better than the whole world & its riches. Do you think there is some exaggeration in this? No

 

This blog will, insha Allah, try to provide some introductory materials on the matters of our faith (Iman or Eemaan). Most Aalims (Ulema or Scholars) don’t talk or write about these matters (Pillars of FAITH) as they talk about pillars of Islam or other issues.

 

What would happen to a tree without roots?

What would happen to a building with a weak foundation?

A strong Islam, a strong community need a strong Iman / Faith.  And, logically one can’t claim to believe in something if he has no knowledge about it. We all know the six items to believe in. But, how do we believe in each of those six? What is our belief about Messengers? How much do we know about Hereafter, and so on.

 

Meaning of Aqeedah

The term Aqeedah comes from Aqd (Ayn, Qaf, Daal), meaning knot, affirmed, deliberate. Its plural is Aqaaidh. From the shariah perspective, Aqeedah means “Certainty of belief and being contented”

Aqeedah is the matter of knowledge. The Muslim must believe in his/her heart and have faith and conviction, with no doubts or misgivings

 

What do we Believe?

The Messenger has believed in what was revealed to him from his Lord, and [so have] the believers. All of them have believed in Allah and His angels and His books and His messengers, [saying], “We make no distinction between any of His messengers.” And they say, “We hear and we obey. [We seek] Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the [final] destination.” (Qur’an 2:285)

In the famous Hadeeth of Jibreel, we see “… He (the Messenger of Allah) answered, “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.” (Sahih Muslim)

In the matters of faith, as in all aspects of Islam, we should go to the correct sources of knowledge – Qur’an and authentic Hadeeths. It is critical that we believe exactly like the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) did.

 

Order of Chapters in Sahih Bukhari

The great Imam Muhammad ibn Ismail al-Bukhari (may Allah have mercy on him) began his book with “The Beginning of Revelation” and then he followed it with chapters on faith, followed by the chapters on knowledge. As if he means to point out that the first obligation upon a human being is faith or Iman and the way to attaining faith is knowledge. And the source of faith and knowledge is revelation. So he began by showing how the revelation occurred and what it was like. Then he followed by mentioning faith and knowledge. This arrangement is no accident; by it he makes some important points

 

Where do we begin the journey of knowledge

Start from the definitions, benefits, categories, etc of Tawheed at https://islaamiccreed.wordpress.com/2010/01/

 

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Written by S Ibrahim

Jun 15, 2014 at 8:31 pm

151. Two main groups who erred in Qadaa and Qadr

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There were two Schools of thoughts among Ancient Greek (Pagans):

  1. Epicureans: Free will. Hedonism – Seek what’s pleasurable in life by any means
  2. Stoics: No free will – predetermined. You are a puppet on the string

Muslims went astray (i.e. got wrong ideas about destiny) after the Greek literatures were translated. Deviants among Muslims

A) The Jabrites (Jabariyyah) who claimed that the creature is forced to do its acts without any choice on its part. They are refuted by two points:

  • Allah attributed human acts to them and made them earning for which they are rewarded or punished. If they were forced to do them, the attribution of the acts to them would not be correct and punishment for them would be oppression. He says

“Today every soul will be rewarded for what they earned.” (Qur’an Chapter Ghaafir 40: 17)

  • Everyone knows the difference between an act of choice and a forced act in reality and in judgment. So if someone transgressed against another and claimed that he was forced to do it by Allah’s Qadaa and Qadr it would be considered stupidity

Before doing an act, the sinful person does not know what is destined for him and it is within his ability to do or not do it. So how can he take a wrong path and defend his action with the unknown destiny. Is it not more suitable for him to take the correct path and say: This is what was destined for me?

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Satan has no control over us. We can’t say “Shaytan forced me to do evil deeds”. Neither Allah nor Shaitan forces people.

And Shaitan (Satan) will say when the matter has been decided: “Verily, Allah promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, so you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves… [Surah Ibrahim 14:22]

}

B) The Qadrites (Qadariyyah) who claim that the creature is independent in its actions and that Allah has no will or power or creation in it. Their claim is also refuted by two points:

  • Their claim contradicts Allah’s statements:

“Allah is the creator of everything.” (Surah az-Zumar 39:62)

“And Allah created you and what you do.” (Surah as-Saaffaat 37: 96)

  • Allah is the owner of the heavens and earth.How is it possible that there be in His dominion things which are not dependent on His will and creation?

(Sharh Lum’atul-I’tiqaad)

Correct Faith: Humans freely choose, and Allah knows already what humans will choose. His knowledge of their choice didn’t make them to opt for that choice. Relative to Allah, the choices are known. Relative to us, the choices aren’t known until the situation occurs. Arguing / reflecting beyond this takes us to a situation with no answers.

Addendum: One brother requested more info on “Humans freely choose and Allah knows already what humans will choose”. How is that Allah knows what a person would do (in future), and yet Allah is not forcing that person?.

The answer: Allah is the Creator of everything, including time. He knows everything that happened everywhere, is happening and will happen. We only know a limited past events; we can focus only on a few things that are happening. And, we don’t know future. So, we can’t apply human examples to Allah.

But, at human level we can give a few examples where we may guess certain things in future, yet we are not forcing them. A simple one: We know (and say) that the Sun will set in the West. Do we force it to set in the West? No. A teacher may say, based on his assessment, that certain students will fail in the exams. The teacher’s comment didn’t force the students to fail. The students’ failure to study caused their failure in exams. (Again, Creator is not like Teacher)

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Written by S Ibrahim

Nov 7, 2011 at 3:37 pm

150. Destiny (Qadaa and Qadr)

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Imam Ibn Qudaamah wrote: “And from the Attributes of Allaah the Most High is that He is the Doer of whatever He wills. Nothing occurs except with His Will. Nothing in the world is outside of His valuation (taqdeer) and everything happens according to His planning (tadbeer). The decreed destiny is unavoidable and nothing goes beyond what is written in the Protected Tablet (al-Lawh al-Mahfooz).”

Qadaa / Qadha (القَضاء) linguistically means hukm (ruling; judgement) and Qadr / Qadar means taqdeer (measurement).

Shaykh Al-‘Uthaymeen said regarding them: “Qadaa and Qadr have different meanings when mentioned together and are synonyms when mentioned separately… Qadr is what Allaah destined from eternity to exist in His creation. On the other hand, Qadaa is what Allaah decides concerning His creatures regarding their creation, annihilation or transformation. Thus, Qadr precedes Qadaa.” (Sharh al-‘Aqeedah al-Waasitiyyah, p. 411)

Faith in qadaa and qadr is one of the six pillars of Imaan / eemaan. “Eemaan is that you truly believe in Allaah and His angels and His books and His messengers and in the Last Day, and that you truly believe in qadr (Predecree) the good of it and the bad of it.” (Part of the hadeeth narrated by ‘Umar ibn al Khattaab recorded by Muslim, Ahmad, ibn Maajah and at Tirmidhee)

Shaykh Al-‘Uthaymeen identified four main issues necessary for the belief in Qadr to be correct and complete:
1. Belief that Allaah knows everything in general and in detail by His prior knowledge based on His statement:

“Do you not know that Allaah knows what is in the heavens and earth? Indeed that is in a book. Indeed that is easy for Allaah.” (Qur’an Chapter al-Hajj, 22: 80)

2. That Allaah wrote in the Lawh al-Mahfooz the destiny of everything based on Allaah’s statement:

“No calamity strikes in the earth or in yourselves except that it is in a book before I bring it into existence.” (Qur’an Chapter al-Hadeed, 57: 22)

And based on the Prophet’s statement: “Indeed Allaah fixed the destiny of creation 50,000 years before creating the heavens and earth.” (Muslim).

3. Everything in the heavens and earth is by Allaah’s will and wish, between His mercy and wisdom. He guides whom He wishes by His mercy and misguides whom He wishes by His wisdom. Whatever happens is in accordance with His prior knowledge and what He wrote in the Lawh al-Mahfooz based on His statements:

“Indeed I created everything measured.” (Qur’an Chapter al-Qamar, 54: 49)

“Whoever Allaah wishes to guide, He opens his chest to Islam…” (Qur’an Chapter al-An‘aam, 6: 125)

Whereby He attributes guidance and misguidance to His wish.

4. That everything in the heavens and earth are creations of Allah Most High and there is no other creator besides Him or Lord except Him based on His statement:

“He created everything and destined its measure.”(Qur’an Chapter al-Furqaan, 25: 2)

(Sharh Lum‘atul-I‘tiqaad, pp. 92-3)

About al lawh al mahfoodh / Lawh al-Mahfooz (the Preserved Tablet) by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen:

We do not know what its form is, from which substance (it is made), whether it is made from wood or from iron. We do not know its size nor its width. Allah is more knowledgeable about that. And it is obligatory for us to truly believe that there is a Tablet in which Allah wrote the decreed measures of everything. And we are not entitled to delve (into this matter) beyond that.  (Sharh al Arba’een an Nawawiyyah)

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04. Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyah (Dominion of Lordship)

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Most people have faith in existence of God. Even atheists exclaim “Oh God”. This concept is ingrained in every soul. Quran & Sunnah talk about this primarily as a step to Asma-was-sifaat of Allah, and then Ibadah of Allaah. The confusion is on attributes of God.

Allah created all things (Quran 39:62, 37:96, 64:11) including calamity/pain, mass and energy. So, believing Einstein’s theory that “Enerygy can neither be created nor be destroyed” is a violation of this.

(Quran Surah Az Zumar ayat 62)

Allâh is the Creator of All things, and He is the Wakîl (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian, etc.) over All things.

(Quran Surah 64. At Taghaabun ayat 11)

no calamity befalls, but with the leave [i.e. decision and Qadar (Divine Preordainments)] of Allâh, and Whosoever believes In Allâh, He guides his heart [to the true faith with certainty, i.e. what has befallen Him was already written for Him by Allâh from the Qadar (Divine Preordainments)], and Allâh is the All-Knower of everything.

Area where People, including Muslims falter: When misfortune happens to them or good people, they ask “Why?” Answer: Why not? Are you leading a perfect sin-less life? You commit sins. Faith in Ruboobiyah requires you to accept all things: Good and Bad. Be patient. Good fortune and bad fortune are merely events predestined by Allah as part of the tests of this life. Nothing happens except what Allaah allows to happen. Impatience shows the weakness in Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyah. It also requires us not to depend on things like Amulets to protect you

Written by S Ibrahim

Jan 9, 2010 at 3:15 pm

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